N8 AgriFood Academic Lead, Professor Katherine Denby, University of York is the PI of this project, working with academics from the University of Newcastle and North-West University in South Africa and the South African Agricultural Research Council. Together they have developed improved varieties of amaranth, one of the most common ALV in Southern Africa, using a combination of molecular analysis, metabolic profiling of nutrient content, genomics, participatory breeding with smallholder farmers, and analysis of susceptibility to pests. Their research has delivered improved lines which can then be promoted by the Agricultural Research Council to improve the nutrition, livelihoods and environmental sustainability of smallholder households.